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Image from page 374 of "Greek athletic sports and festivals" (1910) | by Internet Archive Book Images
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Image from page 374 of "Greek athletic sports and festivals" (1910)

Identifier: greekathleticspo00gard

Title: Greek athletic sports and festivals

Year: 1910 (1910s)

Authors: Gardiner, E. Norman (Edward Norman), 1864-1930

Subjects: Athletics Sports Olympics Fasts and feasts

Publisher: London : Macmillan and Co.

Contributing Library: Harold B. Lee Library

Digitizing Sponsor: Brigham Young University



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Text Appearing Before Image:

ation. In preparing for an overhand throw the spearrests on the web between the thumb and fingers, but is reallyheld by the two fingers inserted in the loop and projecting 346 GREEK ATHLETIC SPORTS AND FESTIVALS CHAP. above the shaft. At the moment of throw the position isreversed ; the pull on the amentum gives a half-turn to theshaft, and the javelin is held only by the amentum, the fingersbeing below the shaft. The action of the amentum is similarto that of the rifling of a gun. By imparting a rotatorymovement to the missile it not only helps it to keep itsdirection but also increases its carry and penetrating power.The carry is further increased by the additional leverage given tothe throwers arm. It is obvious that, as Philostratus points out,\length of finger was a considerable advantage to a javelin thrower.The effect of the amentum on a light javelin has beendemonstrated by practical experiments carried out by GeneralEeffye for the Emperor Napoleon. It was found that a javelin


Text Appearing After Image:

Fig. 97.—B.-f. stamnos. Vatican, which could only be thrown 20 metres by hand could, aftera little practice, be thrown 80 metres, with the helj) of anamentum. Jiithner further records that an inexperiencedthrower increased his throw from 25 to 65 metres by itsuse. The meaning of these figures can be realised from thefact that the record for javelin throwing made by Lemming,the winner at the Olympic games, was only 5733 metres. Itmust be noted, however, that the javelin used in these gameswas a heavy one, weighing 800 grammes (about 2 lbs.),whereas the Greek javelin was very much lighter.- ^ Gym. 31, and Jiithners note, p. 249. ^ The lightness of the Greek javelin is illustrated by Xenophon. In thepassage of the Ten Thousand through the mountainous territory of the Carduchi,the Greeks picked up the long arrows of the enemy, and, fitting thongs to them{ivayKvXCbvres), used them as javelins. By means of a tliong it is possible tothrow a dart too light to be thrown effectively by hand a



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