Image from page 84 of "The printing trades" (1916)
Title: The printing trades
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress
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om is similar to thatin book and job establishments. The average daily earnings of lithographicworkers in the establishments from which wagedata were collected during the Survey are shownin Table 9. TABLE 9.—AVERAGE DAILY EARNINGS IN LITHOGRAPHICPRINTING OCCUPATIONS, CLEVELAND, 1915 Workers in trade Averagedaily earnings Lettermen $6.63 Artists 6.41 Pressroom foremen 5.80 Grainers 4.73 Engravers 4.35 Pressmen 3.91 Transferrers and proofers 3.41 Pressroom apprentices 2.80 Tracers 2.63 Stone polishers 2.53 Pressfeeders 1.72 Other apprentices 1.59 Artist apprentices 1.23 Flyboys 1.10 As in other departments of the industry, theworkers are strongly organized. The unionsexercise close control over the admittance ofnew workers. The poster artists union takes anunusual amount of interest in the selection andtraining of apprentices, and endeavors to pro-vide every opportunity for them to learn everyphase of the work during their term of service.In the pressrooms there is no system of or- 62
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Sixty-two per cent of all lithographic poster work of thecountry is done in Cleveland ganized training for apprentices. Beginnersstart as flyboys or pressfeeders, and work upgradually to the positions of floormen andpressmen. SummaryThe workers in photo-engraving, stereotyping,electrotyping, and lithography number perhaps700 in Cleveland. They are distributed amongmore than 20 distinct trades requiring the mostdiverse sorts of skill, knowledge, and training. There are about 100 men in the city engagedin the different processes of photo-engraving,and they are scattered among as many as 25different establishments. There are from 60 to70 men engaged in stereotyping, most of whomare employed in the newspaper offices. Thereare about 125 electrotypers, and these workers,like the engravers and stereotypers, are stronglyunionized. In all three branches of the workthe employees are mostly men; they are dividedamong a large number of trades; they earnfairly good wages; they suffer little from i
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