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Image from page 277 of "A dictionary of arts, manufactures and mines : containing a clear exposition of their principles and practice" (1845) | by Internet Archive Book Images
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Image from page 277 of "A dictionary of arts, manufactures and mines : containing a clear exposition of their principles and practice" (1845)

Identifier: dictionaryofarts01urea

Title: A dictionary of arts, manufactures and mines : containing a clear exposition of their principles and practice

Year: 1845 (1840s)

Authors: Ure, Andrew, 1778-1857

Subjects: Industrial arts Technology

Publisher: New York, N.Y. : D. Appleton & Co.

Contributing Library: University of Pittsburgh Library System

Digitizing Sponsor: Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation

  

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Text Appearing Before Image:

d, to be associated with the linen yarn in the com-pound fabric. In Kidderminster carpeting, both warp and weft appear upon the face of the cloth,whereas, in the Brussels style, only the warp is seen, its binding weft being fine hempenor linen threads. The three-ply imperial carpet, called the Scotch, is coming verymuch into vosue, and is reckoned by many to be little inferior in texture, look, andWear to the Brussels. Kilmarnock has acquired merited distinction by this ingeniousindustry. In this fabric, as well as in the two-ply Kidderminster, the weft predominates,and displays the design ; but in the French carpets, the worsted warp of the web showsthe figure. Plain Venetian carpets, as used for stairs and passages, are woven in simplelooms, provided merely with the common heddles and reed. The warp should be asubstance of worsted yarn, so heavy as to cover in the weft completely from the view.Figured Venetian carpets are woven in the two-ply Kidderminster looms, and are 270 CARPET.

 

Text Appearing After Image:

provided with a mechanism to raise the pattern upon the worsted warp. The weft is analternate shoot of worsted and linen yarn, and must be concealed. The following figure and description will explain the construction of the three-plyimperial Scotch and two-ply Kidderminster carpet-loom, which is merely a modificationof the Jacquard metier. The Brussels carpet-loom, on the contrary, is a draw-Loy loom270 on the damask plan, and requires the weaver to have an assistant. Fig. 270,A A A, is the frame of the loom, con-sisting of four upright posts, with capsand cross rails lo bind them together.The posts are about six feet high, c r,the cloth-beam, is a wooden cylinder,six inches or thereby in diameter, ofsufficient length to traverse the loom,with iron gudgeons in the two ends,which work in bushes in the side frame.On one end of this beam is a ratchet -r\ ,. J! 11—^^ ; N Eja-— arrn. whcel, wilh a tooth to keep it from li \_ ^S:jJ^.. ill LJ|iH^^,^^=g^0^ turning round backwards by the t

  

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Taken circa 1845