Image from page 127 of "The Mythology of all races .." (1918)
Publisher: Boston, Marshall Jones company
Contributing Library: Princeton Theological Seminary Library
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN
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FiG. 99. Seth Teaches the Young King Archery, and Horus Instructs him IN Fighting with the Spear though this made him the villain among the gods,^* yet heheld full standing as a deity and was especially honoured bysoldiers, who considered this wild, reckless character, the sonof Nut, great of strength, to be their most suitable patron.^^In contrast to Horus, whose chief weapon is the spear, he isan archer. The cosmic role ascribed to him is that of the godof the sky and of thunder in the conception of the nations northof Egypt, but in a degraded, harmful form, which correspondsto the fact that thunder-storms in Egypt are rare and unprofit-able. Thus Seth manifests himself in the thunder-storm,^^ butthis is explained as a battle between Horus and Seth, so that I04 EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY
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Fig. 100. Apop Bound in the Lower World lightning Is the spear of Horus, and thunder the voice of hiswounded antagonist, roaring in his pain.^^ A Greek papyrusaddresses Seth as hill-shaker, thunderer, hurricane-raiser,rock-shaker; the destroyer, who disturbs the sea itself.f^ After 2500 B. c. the Asiatic myth of the combat between thegod of heaven and light (Bel-Marduk, etc.) and the abysmaldragon of the ocean (Tiamat) penetrated into Egypt, where itgave rise to the story of the gigantic serpent Apop (GreekATTo^i?),^^ the enemy of the sun-god. Only faint traces of theAsiatic tale of the creation of the world from the carcass ofthe primeval monster, the all-covering abyss, are found in Egypt, perhapsin the idea thatiron representsTyphonsbone. Betterpreserved is theparallel Asiaticversion that the dragon was not killed and annihilated, butstill lies bound in the depths under the earth ^^ or in the ocean,so that an earthquake or the raging of the sea betrays itsvain struggles against its
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