Image from page 638 of "Medieval and modern times; an introduction to the history of western Europe form the dissolution of the Roman empire to the present time" (1919)
Authors: Robinson, James Harvey, 1863-1936
Publisher: Boston, New York [etc.] Ginn and company
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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he continental states Russia alone was entirelyout of Napoleons control. There were plenty of causes formisunderstanding between the ardent young Tsar Alexander Iand Napoleon. Up to this time the agreement of Tilsit hadbeen maintained. Napoleon was, however, secretly opposingAlexanders plans for adding the Danubian provinces andFinland to his possessions. Then the possibility of NapoleonsPoland as a national kingdom which reestablishing might 1 Louis Bonaparte, the father of Napoleon II I, and the most conscientious ofthe Bonaparte family, had been so harassed by his imperial brother that he hadabdicated as king of Holland. Europe and Napoleon 555 threaten Russias interests was a constant source of appre-hension to Alexander. By 1812 Napoleon believed himselfto be in a condition to subdue this doubtful friend, who mightat any moment become a dangerous enemy. Against theadvice of his more far-sighted counselors, the emperor col-lected on the Russian frontier a vast army of four hundred
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Fig. 148. Music Room in the Palace of Compiegne Napoleon used the various palaces erected by the previous rulersof France. That at Compiegne, 50 miles from Paris, was built byLouis XV. The smaller harp was made, it is said, for Napoleons heir, The King of Rome, as his father called him. The boy was but threeyears old, however, when Napoleon abdicated in 1814, and was carriedoff to Austria by his Austrian mother, Maria Louise. He was knownby the Bonapartists as Napoleon II, but never ruled over France thousand men, composed to a great extent of young con-scripts and the contingents furnished by his allies. The story of the fearful Russian campaign which followed Napoleonscannot be told here in detail. Napoleon had planned to take Ru^si^iVithree years to conquer Russia, but he was forced on by thenecessity of gaining at least one signal victory before he closedthe seasons campaign. The Russians simply retreated andled him far within a hostile and devastated country before they 556 Medie
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