Image from page 172 of "Nature and the Bible. A course of lectures delivered in New York, in December, 1874, on the Morse foundation of the Union theological seminary" (1875)
Authors: Dawson, John William, Sir, 1820-1899
Publisher: New York, R. Carter and brothers
Contributing Library: Princeton Theological Seminary Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Princeton Theological Seminary Library
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rnAsia. If this was the date of his appearance,he was then contemporary with many greatmammals now extinct, or which have becomemuch limited in geographical range. Accord-ing to Pictet, ninety-eight mammals are knownby their remains to have inhabited Europe atthis time. Of these, fifty-seven still survive,and no new ones have been added except man,the sheep, the dog, and a few others whichmay have come in with man. In Britain,Dawkins estimates fifty-three species in all ofPost-glacial mammals. Of these, twelve aresurvivors of the Pliocene, forty-one are new,twenty-eight survive as modern inhabitants ofBritain, fourteen have become wholly extinct,eleven are locally extinct or are now knownonly in other parts of the world.* Of the wholly extinct species are Elephasprimigenius, the mammoth; Rhinoceros ticho-rhinus, the woolly rhinoceros; Ursus spe~laws, the cave bear, &c. Of the locallyextinct species are the reindeer, the musk * Memoirs of Palaeontographical Society. See Appendix C.
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Extinct Animals supposed to have been contemporary icith Palaeocosmic Man.—The Mammoth, Tichorhine Rhinoceros, Extinct Hippopotamus, Machairo-dus and Long-fronted Ox. The animals reduced from a Picture byWaterhouse Hawkins. Nature and the Bible. PLATE VIII. p. 152. p •i.-U/^ HISTORY OF MAN. 153 sheep, the long-fronted ox, the lion, the capehyena, &c.: a strange union of species nowwidely separated geographically; but indicat-ing a wooded country with a somewhat equa-ble climate, though perhaps a low meantemperature. It would thus seem that man entered Europeat a time when its mammalian fauna wasricher than now, and when it was a denselywooded region, into which he straggled fromhis Edenic centre of creation, with a few ofthe animals connected with him there. If so,he was not destined to remain long undis-turbed, for another great subsidence seems tohave occurred, connected apparently with theextinction from Europe of many kinds of ani-mals, and closing the time of what may bec
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