Image from page 201 of "The ancient stone implements, weapons, and ornaments, of Great Britain" (1872)
Authors: Evans, John, Sir, 1823-1908
Publisher: London : Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer
Contributing Library: Getty Research Institute
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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es,but Pegge| pointed out that they were too heavy for such a purpose, orfor use as missiles, and came to the conclusion that these perforatedstones were not originally applied to any warlike purpose, but rather tosome domestic service, either^as a hammer or beetle for common use.Professor Nilsson,§ at a later date, has arrived at the same conclusion,and considers them most suitable for being held in the left hand by ashort handle, and driven into wood by blows from a club held in theright hand. He has suggested for them the name of handled wedges.In some parts of France I have seen extremely heavy iron axes, muchresembling these stone implements in form, used for splitting wood. It * P. 111. t Proc. Sor. Ant., 2nd S., vol. iv. p 349.X Arch., vol. ii. p. 127.j Stone Age, p. 73. 182 rERFOllATED AXES. [chap. Till. seems possible that in old times these heavy stone implements may alsohave been employed in agriculture. Axes of this character, usually formed of greenstone, are very common
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Fig. 132.—Wollatuii Park. i in Denmark and Northern Germany. They are much rarer in France,partly, no doubt, in consequence of the less abundance of suitablematerial.Asmall spccimcnof the same form,but rathermore square at the butt than HAMMER-LIKE AT ONE EXT). 183 Fig. 131, made of dark serpentine, and onh 3;! inches long, was found atTanagra, in Boeotia, and is in the collection of Dr. G. Finlay,*of Athens. Some of the forms last described, liaving square butt-ends, might,perhaps, with greater propriety have been included in the fourthclass into which I have proposed to divide these instruments, viz.,axe-hammers, with an edge at one end and more or less hammer-like at the other, and with the shaft-hole usually about the centre.
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