Image from page 368 of "New England; a human interest geographical reader" (1917)
Authors: Johnson, Clifton, 1865-1940
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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ng the Maine coast,but in recent times these industries have concentratedin places with good railway connections. Many of theyoung people have sought work and a livelier environ-ment in the cities, and the seaboard population hasdecreased. Every village used to send schooners to thefishing banks. Now very few sail except from Portland.The shore fisheries are, however, important, and morethan seventy factories are engaged in canning lobsters,clams, and small herring. The lobsters are caught in cage-like traps calledlobster pots. The pots are weighted with stones andlowered to the bottom where the lobsters crawl aroundamong the rocks and seaweed. Inside of each pot isa fish head for bait, and when the lobster crawls in toget it he is too stupid to find his way out of the smallinward-projecting opening. The Coast with a Hundred Harbors 349 Clams live buried in the mud flats. The flats are ex-posed to view at low tide. Then the men and boys digthe clams out much as a farmer digs potatoes.
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©KatkhollCo.. \. y. Lobster-Charlie with a six-pounder In Europe various Httle fishes have long been cannedas sardines, and since 1875 the industry has developedon the coast of Maine. When herring are feeding,they swim at the surface of the tidal currents and canbe caught in weirs. The weirs are closely woven brushfences built out from the shore with the outer endcurved nearly back on itself and finally turned a shortdistance into the enclosure, but having a small openspace for an entrance. As the school of herring movesalong with the tide the brush fence turns them into theenclosure, where they continue to swim slowly around 350 New England in a circle without finding the blind entrance. Pres-ently a boat containing a seine arrives. The seine isstretched across the entrance, and the boat movesaround the inner side of the enclosure paying out the
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