Image from page 164 of "A history of the birds of Europe, not observed in the British Isles" (1862)
Authors: Bree, Charles Robert, 1811-1886
Publisher: London, Groombridge and Sons
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library
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cic 43, fig. 1. 102 PALMIPEDES.Family LARIBJE. fBonaparte.JGenus Larus. f Liiinceus.J MEDITERRANEAN BLACK-HEADEDGULL. Larus melanoccplialus. Larus melanocephalus, , Natteeer.21ema melanocephalum, Bonapakte. Mouette a capucJion noir, Of the French. Sfjhwarzkdpjige Move, Of the Germans. Gabbiano CoralUno, Savi. Specific Characters.—Middle toe mucli shorter than the tarsus;beak strong and large; head entirely black in summer plumage;wings, when closed, pass beyond the tail. Plumage in winter,with the exception of black spots above the head and cheeks,black mark on outer web of first primary, with light slate-coloured mantle, entirely white. Length sixteen inches; carpusto tip twelve inches; tarsus two inches; middle toe and clawone inch and three quarters; beak two inches. The Mediterranean or Adriatic Blaclc-lieaded Gull isfound at various parts of the sea-coasts from wliicli itsEnglish names are derived. It was iirst described asa distinct species by Natterer, and introduced into the
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MEDITERRANEAN BLACK-HEADED GULL. 103 European lists by Temniinck, in liis Manual, (ed.1840.) It is closely allied to L. ridihundus, but isdistinguished from it by its larger and stronger beak,by the length of the tarsus, and by the absence of theblack wing marks in winter. Temminck says that it inhabits the shores of theAdriatic, and is very common on those of Dalmatia, inthe marshes. I have only seen it there, nor can I saythat it inhabits the Archipelago or other southern parts.I never saw it on the lakes of Hungary, but it hasbeen observed at Trieste, among the great inlets sofrequent on these shores. It is only seen in stormyweather. It is mentioned by Lord Lilford as beingvery common in winter at Corfu, and on the coastsof the mainland; breeds in the marshes of Albania andDalmatia.—(Ibis, vol. ii., p. 356.) Degland reportsthat it has occurred on the Rhine, and in the Gulfof Lyons, and that it accidentally visits Germany andFrance. It is included in the birds of the formercountr
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