A draft theory of change to explore four different approaches to engaging communities in tackling illegal wildlife trade
This draft theory of change explores four different approaches to engaging communities in tackling the illegal wildlife trade.
Each of the four pathways involves consecutive community-level actions, outputs and outcomes that lead to a common desired impact: decreased pressure on wildlife from illegal trading in wildlife.
The four pathways are:
A. Strengthening disincentives for illegal behaviour: this pathway involves making it more difficult and costly to trade poached wildlife.
B. Increasing incentives for stewardship: this pathway involves strengthening both the financial and non-financial rewards for protecting and sustainably managing wildlife.
C. Decreasing the costs of living with wildlife: this pathway involves reducing the burdens of living with wildlife.
D. Supporting alternative (non-wildlife) livelihoods: this pathway involves creating livelihood and economic opportunities not directly related to wildlife e.g. bee-keeping, or craft development.