Panorama of Old Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives
In the foreground is the scenic lookout platform on the Mount of Olives and the slope salted with Jewish graves. Between the near slope and the temple mount runs the Kidron valley, with Muslim graves running up the lower slopes on the opposite side. Beyond the valley stand the temple mount with the massive retaining walls built by Herod the Great. Atop the temple mount platform stands the Dome of the Rock, a mosque that stands on what may be the site of the original temple sanctuary. To the left of the temple mount, outside the present walls of the Old City, runs the low ridge of the "eastern hill" or the "City of David." This, the oldest site of settlement in Jerusalem, is hard to distinguish in this view from the "western hill" (often erroneously called Mt. Zion) which rises above and behind it.