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The IAEA applies technical measures, or ‘safeguards’, to verify that States are honouring their international legal obligations to use nuclear material only for peaceful purposes. Its independent verification work allows the IAEA to play an indispensable role in deterring the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The implementation of the ‘Road-map for the Clarification of Past and Present Outstanding Issues regarding Iran’s Nuclear Program’ agreed between Iran and the IAEA and of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) — agreed between China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, the High Representative of the European Union and Iran — have opened a new phase in relations between Iran and the IAEA.
The enhanced capabilities of the IAEA’s Safeguards Analytical Laboratories have strengthened the IAEA’s ability to conduct timely and independent analyses of nuclear material samples and ensure quality control to maintain confidence in analytical findings used for safeguards purposes.
Safeguards inspectors play an important role in the global non-proliferation regime, carrying out verification activities under safeguards agreements at locations all around the world, such as at the Dukovany nuclear power plant in the Czech Republic in 2015.