The Four Moors, Livorno 2008
Quattro Mori is the symbolic monument of Livorno, located in Piazza del Padiglione, in front of the old wharf and Medici port. The monument is composed of a marble statue of Grand Duke Ferdinando II and four bronze statues depicting chained prisoners. The bodies of the four Muslims have a great moving effect which contrasts with the cold and detached appearance of the Grand Duke. The monument celebrates the Order of the Knights of St. Stephen, founded in 1561 by Cosimo I De' Medici to liberate the Mediterranean from the threat of Turkish pirates.
The first two statues of the Moors arrived to Livorno in 1623 from Florence. The other two statues were added in June 1626.