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藍翅八色鶇    Indian Pitta | by Hiyashi Haka
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藍翅八色鶇 Indian Pitta

學名: Pitta brachyura

英名: Indian Pitta (Blue-winged pitta)

Family : Pittidae (八色鶇科). Length: 17-20cm.

 

藍翅八色鶇(學名:Pitta brachyura)是雀形目八色鶇科的鳥類。體型圓胖,尾短,腿長,以身體具有紅、綠、藍、白、黑、黃、褐、栗等鮮豔奪目,豐富艷麗的色彩而得名,是很有觀賞價值的鳥類。主要棲息於海拔200 米以下的平壩和丘陵落葉很厚的各種類型的樹林中,也見於林緣溪流邊的灌叢和小樹上,田壩區的榕樹和村寨邊的小樹上,以及竹林等環境。常在森林底層或低植被中找食無脊椎動物。叫聲簡單哀婉。主要以甲蟲、白蟻、鱗翅目、鞘翅目的昆蟲和蚯蚓、蜈蚣等小動物為食。分佈於中國西南部、東南亞;越冬於馬來半島、蘇門答臘及婆羅洲。

在叢林之中,它身上的這些斑斕的羽色與陽光、綠葉、紫花、白蕊等大自然的色彩融合在一起,因而也成為一種特別的保護色。

The Indian Pitta is a small stubby-tailed bird that is mostly seen on the floor of forests or under dense undergrowth, foraging on insects in leaf litter. It has long, strong legs, a very short tail and stout bill, with a buff coloured crown stripe, black coronal stripes, a thick black eye stripe and white throat and neck. The upperparts are green, with a blue tail, the underparts buff, with bright red on the lower belly and vent. The bird normally hops on the ground to forage and has been known to get trapped in ground traps meant for small mammals. It has been suggested that the width of the coronal stripe may differ in the sexes. Indian Pittas breed mainly in the Himalayan foothills from northern Pakistan in the west to at least Nepal and possibly up to Sikkim in the east.

 

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Taken on May 1, 2013