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金鵐 Yellow-breasted Bunting | by Hiyashi Haka
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金鵐 Yellow-breasted Bunting

學名: Emberiza aureola

英名: Yellow-breasted Bunting

Family: Fringillidae (雀科), Length; 17cm.

本科屬小型鳥類,棲息環境廣泛且多變,以植物種子及昆蟲為主食,其中只有黑臉鵐是普遍易見的冬候鳥,其他種類大都不易見,部分種類在台灣記錄極稀少。本科嘴成圓錐狀而較尖,粗短強厚,閉嘴時上下嘴間有縫隙,不同種類在棲息地、食性、行為、羽飾等方面有很大差別,主要食種子、昆蟲,雌雄鳥羽毛常顏色相似,有些種類的羽毛色彩鮮豔。

The Yellow-breasted Bunting, Emberiza aureola, is an Eurasian passerine bird in the bunting family.

This bird is similar in size to a Reed Bunting, but longer-billed. The breeding male has bright yellow underparts with black flank streaks, brown upperparts, black face and throat bar, and a pink lower mandible. The female has a heavily streaked grey-brown back, and less intensely yellow underparts. She has a whitish face with dark crown, eye and cheek stripes. The juvenile is similar, but the background colour of the underparts and face is buff. It breeds in northeastern Europe and across northern Asia. It is migratory, wintering in southeast Asia, India, and southern China. It is a rare but regular wanderer to western Europe.

 

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Taken on April 24, 2011