new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
緋秧雞 Ruddy-breasted Crake (ヒクイナ) | by Hiyashi Haka
Back to photostream

緋秧雞 Ruddy-breasted Crake (ヒクイナ)

學名: Porzana fusca

英名: Ruddy-breasted Crake

Family: Rallidae (秧雞科), Length: 20cm.

除了台灣之外,緋秧雞還廣泛地分布於中南半島、馬來、菲律賓群島及巽他諸島等東南亞地方。緋秧一名,乃是因為此鳥種棲息於稻田而來。牠們通常活動於蘆葦叢、水田、濕地或河畔草叢,也覓食於水邊草原、菜園等。以昆蟲類、青蛙、小貝類等動物,或禾本科種籽為食。緋秧雞善於游泳,常潛入水中覓食。活動時鮮明的紅色雙腳很明顯,所以有〝紅腳仔〞之俗名。營巢於河畔草叢間、水田稻株間,離水面不高之樹枝或草莖處,以禾本類的莖葉為材,築盤形巢。

The Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca), or Ruddy Crake, is a waterbird in the rail and crake family Rallidae. Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas across south Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to south China, Japan and Indonesia. It has been recorded as a vagrant from the Australian territory of Christmas Island. It is mainly a permanent resident throughout its range, but some northern populations migrate further south in winter.

The Ruddy-breasted Crake is about 22-23 cm long. The body is flattened laterally to allow easier passage through the reeds or undergrowth. It has long toes and a short tail. Coloring includes a pale brown back and chestnut head and underparts, with white barring on the flanks and undertail. The bill is yellowish, and the eyes, legs, and feet are red.The sexes are similar, but juveniles are dark brown with some white spotting.These birds probe in mud or shallow water and also pick up food by sight. They forage for shoots, berries and insects, as well as large snails, which they eat by using their bills to peck through the hard shell.Ruddy-breasted Crakes are territorial, but are quite secretive, hiding amongst grassy shrubs and bushes when disturbed.

   

1,988 views
0 faves
1 comment
Taken on March 16, 2011