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中杜鵑 Himalayan Cuckoo | by Hiyashi Haka
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中杜鵑 Himalayan Cuckoo

學名: Cuculus saturatus

英名: Himalayan Cuckoo

Family : Cuculidae (杜鵑科). Length: 28-34 cm.

中杜鵑的額、頭頂至後頸灰褐色;背、腰至尾上覆羽藍灰褐色;翅暗褐色,翅上小覆羽略沾藍色。初級飛羽內側具白色橫斑。中央尾羽黑褐色,羽軸輝褐色,羽軸兩側具有成對排列,但不甚整齊的小白斑;外側尾羽褐色,羽軸兩側也有呈對生排列而不整齊的白斑,端緣白斑較大。頦、喉、前頸、頸側至上胸銀灰色,下胸、腹和兩脅白色,具寬的黑褐色橫斑。幼鳥頭、頸、背褐色、具白色羽端。頦、喉灰而具褐色縱紋。羽端棕色,胸、腹較褐。

繁殖期為5-7月。繁殖期間鳴聲頻繁。反復不變的重複同一單調的聲音,有時晚上也可聽見。無固定配偶,也不自己營巢和孵卵。常將卵產於短翅樹鶯、灰腳柳鶯、冠紋柳鶯、冕柳鶯、灰頭鷦鶯、縫葉鶯、白喉短翅鶯、灰背燕尾、黃喉鹀、樹鷚等雀形目鳥類巢中,由這些鳥代孵代育。

中杜鵑為杜鵑科的鳥類,俗名筒鳥、中喀咕、蓬蓬鳥、山郭公。分布於北從西伯利亞至日本、南從亞洲經巴基斯坦至喜馬拉雅山脈、印度、緬甸,南至澳大利亞,包括中國大陸東部、南部等地,東南亞的菲律賓、泰國、越南、馬來西亞、密克羅尼西亞聯邦的、緬甸。主要生活於較茂密的山林。該物種的模式產地在尼泊爾。

 

The Oriental Cuckoo or Horsfields Cuckoo (Cuculus optatus) is a bird belonging to the genus Cuculus in the cuckoo family Cuculidae. It was formerly classified as a subspecies of the Himalayan Cuckoo (C. saturatus) with the name Oriental Cuckoo used for the combined species. Differences in voice and size suggest that they should be treated as a separate species.[2] The binomial name Cuculus horsfieldi has often been used instead of Cuculus optatus but is now usually considered to be a junior synonym.

 

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Taken on April 23, 2014