Mountain road view
It hosted the last glacier of the Sierra Nevada, the Corral del Veleta, which was the southernmost glacier in Europe until its disappearance in the mid-twentieth century (the year of the disappearance is not known exactly). Today the southernmost glacier in Europe is considered to be that of the Calderone at the Gran Sasso d'Italia, while the glacial cirque of the late Corral preserves only areas of fossil ice and permafrost. In the warmer months, the snow even disappears from the top, discovering the scarce vegetation and the uneven stony ground. In winter the Veleta is instead a popular ski destination (the ski lifts go from 2,100 m almost to the top). The A-395 passes near the summit, which with its 3,367 meters at its highest point is the highest asphalted road in Europe, with the transit of vehicles usually interrupted at around 2500m above sea level. Hike.
Highest road pass in Europe
It is the Pico del Veleta, 3367 m asl, in the Sierra Nevada mountain range, in Spain. It is reached by an asphalted road, the A-395, which starts from Granada and reaches the Pico del Veleta covering about 38 km. The road has no vehicular outlet (there are in fact no other descent possibilities once you reach the pass, except for the A-395 itself), and it is forbidden for private traffic above 2500 m of altitude. It is entirely paved to allow you to comfortably reach the astronomical observatory which is located near the pass.
Road pass open to the highest traffic in Europe
It is the Col du Jandri, 3151 m a.s.l., in the mountain range of the Alps, in France. It is located in the commune of Mont-de-Lans, and is part of the tourist area of Les Deux Alpes. The track, which is unpaved all the way and rather uneven (can only be traveled with four-wheel drive cars), ends near the Mont-de-Lans glacier, frequented by skiers all year round. During the winter the road is not practicable, because almost all of it is covered by snow. The road is blind.
Asphalted road crossing open to the highest traffic in Europe
It is the Colle dell'Iseran, 2770 m a.s.l., in the mountain range of the Alps, in France. The D902 road runs along both slopes of the pass, making it possible to reach it from both Lanslebourg-Mont-Cenis and Bourg-Saint-Maurice. The road is closed from October to May.
Highest paved road open to traffic in Europe
It is the Ötztaler Gletscherstraße, 2829 m asl, in the mountain range of the Alps, in Austria. It is an entirely asphalted toll road which, starting from the tourist resort of Sölden, allows you to reach some glaciers, equipped for skiing. It is a dead end, and reaches its highest point at the exit of a tunnel, just before finishing its path.
Asphalted road with vehicle outlet open to the highest traffic in Europe
It is the Cima della Bonette, 2802 m a.s.l., in the mountain range of the Alps, in France. Its highest point is not to be considered a pass, because the hill of the same name (located at 2715 m asl) is actually the point from which the road starts. It still allows you to reach the top of the route coming from two different points.