Muqarnas of the Mausoleum Sayyida Ruqayya with inlaid work in precious stones
The Mausoleum Sayyida Ruqayya (Arabic: مسجد السيدة رقية) in Damascus is a shrine located in Damascus, Syria, that contains the grave of the youngest daughter of Husayn ibn ‘Alī by the name of Fātimah. She is often referred to by her titles: "Ruqayya" and "Sukayna" by Arabic speaking Muslims, and the title: "Sakina" by Persian and Urdu speakers.
After enduring the advent of Karbalā and the torturous journey to Damascus that followed it, Lady Ruqayya finally died, only 4 years old, in Yazid's prison, where she was originally buried. Years later however, upon the flooding of her gravesite, Lady Ruqayya's grave was reopened and she was moved to the site where the Mosque now stands.
The design of the mosque is based on Iranian architecture and possesses a tremendous amount of mirror and gold work. There is a small mosque area adjoining the shrine room, along with a small courtyard in front. This mosque is found a short distance from the Umayyad Mosque and the Al-Hamidiyah Souq in central Damascus.
The Mosque is also one of the main places of pilgrimage for shi'ite muslimes.
Muqarnas (Arabic: مقرنص) is a type of corbel used as a decorative device in traditional Islamic and Persian architecture. The term is similar to mocárabe, but mocárabe only refers to designs with formations resembling stalactites, by the use of elements known as alveole.
Muqarnas takes the form of small pointed niches, stacked in tiers projecting beyond those below and can be constructed in brick, stone, stucco or wood. They are often applied to domes, pendentives, cornices, squinches and the undersides of arches and vaults.
Muqarnas is the Arabic word for stalactite vault, an architectural ornament developed around the middle of the tenth century in north eastern Iran and almost simultaneously, but apparently independently, in central North Africa. It involves three-dimensional architectural decorations composed of niche-like elements arranged in tiers.