Common name: Yulan magnolia 玉蘭 玉堂春
Family: Magnoliaceae 木蘭科
Location: Summer Palace, Beijing
is native to central and eastern China. It has been cultivated in Chinese Buddhist temple gardens since 600 AD. Its flowers were regarded as a symbol of purity in the Tang Dynasty and it was planted in the grounds of the Emperor's palace. It is the official city flower of Shanghai.
Is a rather low, rounded, thickly branched, and coarse-textured tree to 25 m tall. The leaves are ovate, bright green, 15 cm long and 8 cm wide. Bark is a coarse dark gray. The 10–16 cm white flowers that emerge from early to late spring, while beautiful and thick with a citrus-lemon fragrance, are prone to browning if subjected to frost.