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Nile River Running Through Sudan | by NASA Goddard Photo and Video
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Nile River Running Through Sudan

The Nile is the longest river in the world, coursing about 6,650 kilometers (4,132 miles) across northeastern Africa to meet the Mediterranean Sea at the broad, green delta in Egypt. The Nile’s drainage basin extends roughly about 1.3 million square mile (3.34 sq km) and includes parts of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt. As the waters pass through some of the driest desert on Earth, the river’s importance as a source of food, water, transportation – and even life – cannot be underestimated.


On March 15, 2019, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board NASA’s Terra satellite acquired a true-color image of the Nile River as it weaves through Sudan.


The Nile begins where two tributaries, the White Nile (west) and the Blue Nile (east) meet at the large city of Khartoum. This confluence can be seen in the lower center of the image. From Khartoum the river snakes to the north and west, reaching the extremely arid Sahara Desert. Most settlements in Sudan are along the Nile and in the greener, moister regions between the Blue Nile and White Nile.


Image Credit: MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC


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NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission.


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Uploaded on March 19, 2019