The Trabant is a car that was produced by former East German auto maker VEB Sachsenring Automobilwerke Zwickau in Zwickau, Sachsen. It was the most common vehicle in East Germany, and was also exported to countries both inside and outside the communist bloc. The main selling points was that it had room for four adults and luggage in a compact, light and durable shell; it was fast (when introduced); and it was durable.
With its mediocre performance, outdated and inefficient two-stroke engine (which returned poor fuel economy for the car's size and produced heavy exhaust), and production shortages, the Trabant is often cited as an example of the disadvantages of centralized planning; on the other hand, it is regarded with derisive affection as a symbol of the failed former East Germany and of the fall of communism (in former West Germany, as many East Germans streamed into West Berlin and West Germany in their Trabants after the opening of the Berlin Wall in 1989). It was in production without any significant changes for nearly 30 years with 3,096,099 Trabants produced in total. In 2008, Time magazine rated the Trabant as one of the 50 worst cars ever made.
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Der Trabant P50 ist der erste Typ der Trabant-Modellreihe von Sachsenring aus Zwickau. Bis August 1958 trugen die Modelle noch die Bezeichnung AWZ P50 „Trabant“. Später war der Wagen zur Unterscheidung von seinen Nachfolgern auch als „Trabant 500“ bekannt. Vom Typ P50 wurden zwischen 1958 und 1962 insgesamt 128.248 Wagen gebaut. Die Bezeichnung P50 bedeutet Personenkraftwagen mit 500 cm³ Hubraum.