Temple of Heaven
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing


Date of Inscription: 1998
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)
Tiantan Park, Beijing
N39 52 56.1 E116 24 23.7
Ref: 881

Brief Description
The Temple of Heaven, founded in the first half of the 15th century, is a dignified complex of fine cult buildings set in gardens and surrounded by historic pine woods. In its overall layout and that of its individual buildings, it symbolizes the relationship between earth and heaven – the human world and God's world – which stands at the heart of Chinese cosmogony, and also the special role played by the emperors within that relationship.

Justification for Inscription
Criterion i: The Temple of Heaven is a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design which simply and graphically illustrates a cosmogony of great importance for the evolution of one of the world’s great civilizations. Criterion ii: The symbolic layout and design of the Temple of Heaven had a profound influence on architecture and planning in the Far East over many centuries. Criterion iii: For more than two thousand years China was ruled by a series of feudal dynasties, the legitimacy of which is symbolized by the design and layout of the Temple of Heaven.

Source: whc.unesco.org/en/list/881/

Temple du Ciel, autel sacrificiel impérial à Beijing
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