Adamclisi Archaeological Museum
Interior of the Adamclisi Archaelogical Museum lapidarium displaying a large part of the original carved stones and architectural elements from the Tropaeum Traiani monument and from the nearby city of Civitas Tropaensium.
Designed like a lapidarium, the museum building (inaugurated in 1977) comprises numerous archaeological vestiges discovered on the premises. Along one side of the museum are on display the metopes, the lower and upper friezes, the pillars, battlements and parapet blocks of the festooned attic style. In the hall centre there is the huge statue of the trophy, the inscription and weapon frieze. The other exhibits include the ceramics collections (Hamangia culture pottery, Gaetic ceramics, Greek, Roman and Byzantine amphorae), lamps, tools, ornaments, aqueducts, sculpture, epigraphic documents.
The Tropaeum Traiani is a monument in Roman Civitas Tropaensium (site of modern Adamclisi, Romania), built in 109 AD in then Moesia Inferior, to commemorate Roman Emperor Trajan's first victory over the Dacians, in the winter of 101-102, in the Battle of Adamclisi.
The present edifice is a reconstruction [in situ] dating from 1977. The nearby museum contains many archaeological objects, including parts of the original Roman monument.
Tropaeum Traiani municipium was founded by emperor Trajan after the Roman-Dacian wars at the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. and rebuilt by emperors Constantine the Great and Licinius in the 4th century A.D. It became an important Christian religious center as it was a bishopric seat at the middle of the 4th century. Four large city basilicas are placed along via principalis. The city diminished in importance after the Avar invasions in the 7th cent.