Palace of Soviets. O.Iofan, O.Gelfreikh, V.Schuko. Sculptor S.Merkulov. A Version of the approved project. 1934
Palace of Soviets. O.Iofan, O.Gelfreikh, V.Schuko. Sculptor S.Merkulov.
A Version of the approved project. 1934
The competition for the Palace of Soviets in Moscow was one of the most
extensive and impressive of this century. The idea of constructing a
building which could be a symbol of the "imminent triumph of communism"
in the capital of the world's first state of workers and peasants was
mooted in the 1920s. The chosen location was the site of the demolished
Church of Christ the Saviour. The competition was launched in 1931 and
carried out in stages. Overall, 160 entries were submitted, including 12
commissioned ones and 24 which were fiors concours, as well as 112
project proposals. Twenty four proposals were received from foreign
participants, among whom were such universally acclaimed architects as
Le Corbusier, W.Gropius and E.Mendelssohn. The definitive turn of Soviet
architecture toward the heritage of the past had emerged clearly by that
time, and was the key factor in the choice of winners. The top awards
went to architects I.Zholtovsky, B.lofan, G.Hamilton (USA), additions
and revisions, was finally affirmed.