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jigokudani-monkey-park-japanese-macaque-ef-24-70mm-f4l-is-5d2-cr-3951 | by alcuin lai
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There is a strong bond between the members, especially among females and their babies. They do not bow down to the power of any specific monkey. They trust and rely on each other.


In the society of the Japanese Macaque, both males and females have many partners in a breeding season. Females know own mother-child relationships between their infants but there is no father-child relationships. Neither males nor infants know their own father-child relationships. That’s why males do not get engaged child-raising. Only mothers breast-feed infants and stay together all the time to guard them from danger. But this is only for infants of one’s own and for immediate family. They do not care if other infants are in a danger. In that case males help such infants. Males have the role of father for all members of the troop.


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Taken on December 30, 2013