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Suiriri ou Siriri (Tyrannus melancholicus) - Tropical Kingbird - 08-08-2010 - IMG_5880

Fotografado no Parque Olhos D'Água, em Brasília, Brasil.

Photographed at Parque Olhos D'Água, in Brasília, Brazil.

Siriri - Tropical kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)

Names in:


* Scientific name: Tyrannus melancholicus

* Dutch: Tropische koningstiran

* French: Tyran mélancholique

* Portugese (Braz.): Siriri

* Spanish: Pitirre chicharrero

* Surinamese: Krontogrikibi/Tontoli

* Guyana: Ball catcher

* Carib: Poeliemaloe

* Arowak: Oliekotolie

A very common bird (lenght 20 cm) with a grey head, white throat, brown wings, a yellow belly and a powerfull bill. It has a orange spot on its head but that is mostly unobservable.This flycatcher is found in open country with trees. There you see it sitting without moving (often in palms) to fly up to catch insects in a typical flycatacher way. It is as agressive against intruders like the great kiskadee and will chase after big birds like the yellow-headed caracara.

Identification Tips:

* Length: 7? inches

* Large head and bill

* Range in United States mostly restricted to southeastern Arizona


* Dark, forked tail

* Pale gray head with contrasting darker cheeks

* Grayish-olive upperparts

* Pale throat and darker breast

* Bright yellow lower breast to undertail coverts


* Upperparts browner than adult

* Pale edges to wings

Similar species:

The Tropical Kingbird is most similar to the Couch's Kingbird and can best be identified by its different calls. Western and Cassin's Kingbirds are similar but lack dark cheeks and have less-forked tails. Cassin's Kingbird has a darker breast. Western Kingbird has white outer tail feathers. Thick-billed Kingbird usually has whiter underparts and has a darker head. Brown-crested, Ash-throated and Dusky-capped Flycatchers are somewhat similar but have darker, browner crowns and unforked tails.

Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.

See more at the wikipedia address:


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Taken on August 8, 2010