The endless mountain range on Tibet Plateau, nick named "roof of the world", like camel's hump.
The Hump was the name given by Allied pilots in World War II to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains over which they flew military transport aircraft from India to China to resupply the Chinese war effort, to fight back invading Japanese army during the time period.
The Hump flight used to be called "the flight of death", because flying over the Hump was an extremely hazardous undertaking for Allied flight crews. The air route wound its way into the high mountains and deep gorges between north Burma and west China, where violent turbulence, 125 to 200 mph winds, icing, and inclement weather conditions were a regular occurrence.
During the three year period of the Hump flight operation (1942-1945), approximately 650,000 tons of cargo were transported over the Hump, at the expense of more than 500 aircraft lost, and over 1500 air crewmen and passengers killed along the route. The final summary of logged flight time in the airlift totalled 1.5 million hours. The Hump flight operation was the largest and most extended strategic air bridge (in volume of cargo airlifted) in aviation history.
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