43/52 : Patriot Act

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    === Français ===

    "Le USA PATRIOT Act (qui signifie : Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act ou en français : Loi pour unir et renforcer l'Amérique en fournissant les outils appropriés pour déceler et contrer le terrorisme) est une loi anti-terroriste qui a été votée par le Congrès des États-Unis et signée par George W. Bush le 26 octobre 2001. L'un des axes centraux de ce long texte (132 pages) est d'effacer la distinction juridique entre les enquêtes effectuées par les services de renseignement extérieur et les agences fédérales responsables des enquêtes criminelles (FBI) dès lors qu'elles impliquent des terroristes étrangers. Elle crée aussi les statuts de combattant ennemi et combattant illégal, qui permettent au gouvernement des États-Unis de détenir sans limite et sans inculpation toute personne soupçonnée de projet terroriste."
    - Wikipedia

    "Cette loi est l'objet de vives critiques, notamment des organisations de défense des droits de l'homme (ACLU, etc.) et des juristes, qui la considèrent liberticide. Selon eux, les libertés individuelles ont été largement diminuées au profit de la répression policière.

    Les points critiqués sont notamment :

    – la diminution des droits de la défense (droit à un procès équitable ou due process (en)) ;
    – la violation de la vie privée ;
    – la diminution du droit à la liberté d'expression.

    Plus de 360 villes et comtés ont déclaré refuser d'appliquer le Patriot Act.
    Toute entreprise américaine doit fournir les « données sensibles » demandées par l’administration fédérale, même si celles-ci sont stockées eu Europe.
    "
    - Wikipedia

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    La présente photo a été inspirée à partir de celle-ci et fait partie de mon projet photo "52 légo". En 2011, je dénoncerai une injustice à chaque semaine. Les photos de ce projet peuvent être utilisées librement pour des fins non-commerciales.

    Changeons le monde, une photo à la fois.

    === English ===

    "The USA PATRIOT Act (commonly known as the "Patriot Act") is an Act of the U.S. Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. The title of the act is a ten letter acronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for: Uniting (and) Strengthening America (by) Providing Appropriate Tools Required (to) Intercept (and) Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001.

    The act, a response to the terrorist attacks of September 11th, dramatically reduced restrictions on law enforcement agencies' ability to search telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records; eased restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within the United States; expanded the Secretary of the Treasury’s authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and broadened the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts. The act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism, thus enlarging the number of activities to which the USA PATRIOT Act’s expanded law enforcement powers can be applied.

    On May 26, 2011, President Barack Obama signed a four-year extension of three key provisions in the USA PATRIOT Act: roving wiretaps, searches of business records (the "library records provision"), and conducting surveillance of "lone wolves" — individuals suspected of terrorist-related activities not linked to terrorist groups."
    - Wikipedia

    "The USA PATRIOT Act has generated a great deal of controversy since its enactment. Opponents of the Act have been quite vocal in asserting that it was passed opportunistically after the September 11 attacks, believing there to have been little debate. They view the Act as one that was hurried through the Senate with little change before it was passed. (Senators Patrick Leahy and Russell Feingold proposed amendments to modify the final revision.) The sheer magnitude of the Act itself was noted by Michael Moore in his controversial film Fahrenheit 9/11. In one of the scenes of the movie, he records Congressman Jim McDermott alleging that no Senator read the bill and John Conyers, Jr. as saying, "We don't read most of the bills. Do you really know what that would entail if we read every bill that we passed?" Congressman Conyers then answers his own rhetorical question, asserting that if they did it would "slow down the legislative process". As a dramatic device, Moore then hired an ice-cream van and drove around Washington, D.C. with a loud speaker, reading out the Act to puzzled passers-by, which included a few Senators."
    - Wikipedia

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    The present photo was inspired by
    this one, and is part of my "52 légo" photo project. In 2011, I will denounce one injustice every week. The photos of this project can be freely used for non-commercial use.

    Let's change the world, one photo at a time.

    rousselot.nicolas, MTarnowski, and 5 other people added this photo to their favorites.

    1. brigitteroujol 42 months ago | reply

      Bonjour. j'ai utilisé votre photo pour illustrer un article coachingavenue.fr/?p=3127
      intitulé " L'éthique du management : une autre source de performance durable" Merci Cordialement

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