Shortly after EMSL opened its doors, researchers came to the user
facility to develop three‐dimensional nanostructures called nanodots
that are so small that about 100,000 of them would fit on the head of a
pin. Nanodots, or quantum dots, are metal oxide crystals that are like
artificial atoms with unique electronic properties. Unlike normal atoms, the properties of the nanodots can be changed by changing the material size, material composition, and how they interact with the substrate.