Tikkun olam (Hebrew: תיקון עולם) is a Hebrew phrase that means, "repairing the world" or "perfecting the world."
For some Jews, the phrase tikkun olam means that Jews are not only responsible for creating a model society among themselves but also are responsible for the welfare of the society at large. This responsibility may be understood in religious, social or political terms and there are many different opinions about how religion, society, and politics interplay.
Tikkun magazine articulates a two-fold vision of the relationship between religion and social justice. First, they believe that social justice efforts must balance advocacy of economic and political rights with spiritual needs. They understand spiritual needs as follows:
We in the Tikkun Community use the word "spiritual" to include all those whose deepest values lead them to challenge the ethos of selfishness and materialism that has led people into a frantic search for money and power and away from a life that places love, kindness, generosity, peace, non-violence, social justice, awe and wonder at the grandeur of creation, thanksgiving, humility and joy at the center of our lives.
Second, their vision of social justice is rooted in the Jewish commandment to remember the experience of slavery and the Exodus from Egypt. From this they infer that "we are all harmed by oppression directed at any group or individual".