new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana | by D.Eickhoff
Back to photostream

Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana

[syn., Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana]

ʻAkoko*, ʻekoko, koko, or kōkōmālei


Endemic to the Hawaiian Islands (Oʻahu only)

IUCN: Endangered

Oʻahu (Cultivated)


* The name ʻakoko comes from the Hawaiian word koko for blood. They get their name from the red, or blood-colored, seed capsules appearing as drops of blood on the plant as seen in this photo.


Fruits & flowers





The generic name Euphorbia is classically supposed to have been named for Euphorbus, a physician to the king of Mauretania in the first century A.D. (C.E.).


The specific epithet celastroides means "resembling Celastrus," a genus of shrubs and vines commonly known as staff vines, staff trees or bittersweet.


The variety kaenana name refers to Kaʻena Point where this species is nearly exclusively found.

13 faves
Taken on October 14, 2008