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Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides | by D.Eickhoff
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Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides

[syn., Chamaesyce celastroides var. celastroides]

ʻAkoko, ʻekoko, koko, or kōkōmālei


Endemic to the Hawaiian Islands

Oʻahu (Cultivated), Nīhoa form


The name ʻakoko comes from the Hawaiian word koko for blood. They get their name from the red, or blood-colored, seed capsules appearing as drops of blood on the plant on some varieties and species.



The current genus is Euphorbia, and is classically supposed to have been named for Euphorbus, a physician to the king of Mauretania in the first century A.D. (C.E.).


The specific epithet celastroides means "resembling Celastrus," a genus of shrubs and vines commonly known as staff vines, staff trees or bittersweet.


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Taken on March 6, 2010