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Ticonderoga (1906) – National Historic Landmark

Side-paddle-wheel Lakeboat – Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vermont USA • Grandest of all is the Ticonderoga, the only surviving vertical beam sidewheel steamship in the U.S., 220 ft long, weighing 892 tons.


Electra Havemeyer Webb, creator of the Shelburne Museum] made the Ticonderoga her own Fitzcarraldo. She bought the ship, then had it dragged two miles from Lake Champlain to her Museum, where it now rests in a miniature valley that she'd ordered dug for it. Why put a ship in a hole? "When you see a ship," the tourguide told us, "you don't see it WAY UP THERE."


Electra had a model of the landlocked ship in her home, set in a model hole, and would add or remove spoonfuls of dirt until she was satisfied that its position was just right. She'd then order her workmen to remove or add dirt to match. The workmen pointed out that each of Electra's spoonfuls equaled five dumptrucks of dirt, but she did not care. The superrich can make anything happen. She paid the cash, and lesser beings moved the dirt -- and an 892 ton ship. – from the Field Review.


• The steamboat Ticonderoga is America’s last remaining side-paddle-wheel passenger steamer with a vertical beam engine of the type that provided freight and passenger service on America’s lakes and rivers from the early 19th to the mid-20th centuries. Commissioned by the Champlain Transportation Company, the Ticonderoga was built in 1906 at the Shelburne Shipyard in Shelburne, Vermont on Lake Champlain.


The Ti measures 220 feet in length and 59 feet in beam, with a displacement of 892 tons. Her steam-powered engine, handmade by the Fletcher Engine Company of Hoboken, New Jersey, was powered by two coal-fired boilers and could achieve a maximum speed of seventeen miles per hour. – From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


☞ On January 28, 1964, the National Park Service designated this structure a National Historic Landmark (#66000797).


National Historic Landmarks are nationally significant historic places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value or quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States. Today, fewer than 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction. – [And one of only 17 in Vermont.] – Working with citizens throughout the nation, the National Historic Landmarks Program draws upon the expertise of National Park Service staff who work to nominate new landmarks and provide assistance to existing landmarks.


National Historic Landmarks are exceptional places. They form a common bond between all Americans. While there are many historic places across the nation, only a small number have meaning to all Americans -- these we call our National Historic Landmarks. – from the National Park Service.


☞ On October 15, 1966, this structure was also added to the National Register of Historic Places (#66000797).


• More info: The GeoHack for 44°22′31.55″N 73°13′56.38″W.

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In July, 2010, I started a project to visit and document all seventeen Landmarks in Vermont. Here they are (in order of designation by the National Park Service):


[01] 09/22/60 – JUSTIN S. MORRILL HOMESTEAD, Strafford, Orange County

[02] 01/28/64 – TICONDEROGA (Side-paddle-wheel Lakeboat), Shelburne, Chittenden County

[03] 06/23/65 – CALVIN COOLIDGE HOMESTEAD DISTRICT, Plymouth Notch, Windsor County

[04] 12/21/65 – EMMA WILLARD HOUSE, Middlebury, Addison County

[05] 11/13/66 – ROBBINS AND LAWRENCE ARMORY AND MACHINE SHOP, Windsor, Windsor County

[06] 06/11/67 – GEORGE PERKINS MARSH BOYHOOD HOME, Woodstock, Windsor County

[07] 05/23/68 – ROBERT FROST FARM, Ripton, Addison County

[08] 12/30/70 – VERMONT STATEHOUSE, Montpelier, Washington County

[09] 11/28/72 – MOUNT INDEPENDENCE, Orwell, Addison County

[10] 12/20/89 – STELLAFANE OBSERVATORY, Springfield, Windsor County

[11] 11/04/93 – NAULAKHA (Rudyard Kipling House), Dummerston, Windham County

[12] 06/19/96 – OLD ROUND CHURCH, Richmond, Chittenden County

[13] 06/19/96 – ST. JOHNSBURY ATHENAEUM, St. Johnsbury, Caledonia County

[14] 12/09/97 – ROKEBY, Ferrisburgh, Addison County

[15] 05/16/00 – ROCKINGHAM MEETING HOUSE, Windham County

[16] 05/16/00 – SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY HALL, Barre, Washington County

[17] 01/03/01 – SHELBURNE FARMS, Shelburne, Chittenden County

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☞ More photos of this and other National Historical Landmarks.

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Taken on August 20, 2006