Providing information for mothers
Regardless of their HIV status, mothers like Farai in Zimbabwe (pictured) can access health information from a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission programme, during pregnancy and the birth of their children.
More than 90 percent of HIV infections in children result from mother-to-child transmission, where the virus is passed from a mother living with HIV to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. The most effective method for preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission is by initiating lifelong antiretrovial therapy (ART) as early as possible.
According to the United Nations, the use of antiretrovials has averted an estimated 200,000 new HIV infections in children over the last 12 years, the vast majority since 2005.
To find out more about how the UK government is tackling the spread of HIV and AIDS in developing countries, please visit: www.dfid.gov.uk/wad2010
Words and pictures supplied by the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, which is partly funded by the UK Government.