"Over 250,000 children develop TB and 100,000 children will continue to die each year from TB.
A child usually gets TB infection from being exposed to a sputum-positive adult. Young children below ten years of age are at risk of becoming infected with TB bacilli. They are also at high risk of developing active tuberculosis because the immune system of young children is less developed. The chance of developing TB disease is greatest shortly after infection. When children present with active tuberculosis disease their family members and other close contacts should be investigated for TB to find the source of the disease and treat them as necessary.
In HIV infected children the risk of developing TB meningitis is very high and often result in deafness, blindness, paralysis and mental retardation.
Tuberculosis and malnutrition often go together, and a child with TB disease may present as failure to gain weight with loss of energy and a cough lasting for more than three weeks." - www.searo.who.int
*image taken for World Health Organization, Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office.