Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall
After President Chiang Kai-shek died on 1975-04-05, the Executive Yuan of Taiwan's government established a Funeral Committee to build a memorial. The design, by architect Yang Cho-cheng, was chosen in a competition. Yang's design incorporated many elements of traditional Chinese architecture recalling the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing, China. (The Kuomintang revered Dr. Sun as founder of the party and government Chiang had led.) Groundbreaking for the memorial took place on 1976-10-31, the 90th anniversary of Chiang's birth. The hall officially opened on 1980-04-05, the fifth anniversary of the leader's death.
The Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall is located in downtown Taipei. The 70-meter-high hall is built in a traditional Chinese style; the blue and white colors of the facade represent the sky and sun, symbolizing freedom and equality. The hall is surrounded by 122 hectares of beautifully landscaped gardens and ponds.