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Belka and Strelka. (I think they look a little nervous.)
Belka (Белка, literally, "Squirrel", but as a dog's name most likely means "Whitey", from Russian: "белый" (for "white")) and Strelka (Стрелка, "Little Arrow") spent a day in space aboard Korabl-Sputnik-2 (Sputnik 5) on August 19, 1960 before safely returning to Earth. They were accompanied by a grey rabbit, 40 mice, 2 rats, flies and a number of plants and fungi. All passengers survived. Strelka went on to have six puppies, one of whom was named Pushinka (Пушинка, "Fluffy") and presented to President John F. Kennedy's daughter Caroline. Pushinka's descendants are still living today.
After death, the bodies of both Strelka and Belka were preserved. Belka is on display in Moscow, while Strelka continues to tour the world as part of a travelling exhibition.