苏州 耦园

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    The couple's garden are located in the Xiao-xing-qiao Lane (little new bridge lane) in the eastern Suzhou, it was named She Yuan garden in early Qing Dynasty; until the period of Guang-xu in Qing Dynasty, it was built into the form now we see by the commanding officer of Anhui Provincial Covern ment Shen Bing-cheng, and was named Ou Yuan garden as what we call today. "ou" means "a couple", quoted from a famous work written in, Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.): "To till together with my spouse", mani-festing the couple, husband and wife, were both to live in seclusion. Ou Yuan have three aspects of beauty, the first: Beauty of location. Because they lie in a comer of eastern Suzhou, they accord with the principle of the art to build a city garden with woods and hills in it: "when it is secluded, it gets the advantages therein", they are close to the city wall, with three sides facing the river to be imbued with the local charms of the water regions. The second: Beauty of sentiment. Everywhere of the free-handed arrange-ment (conceived with free imagination) in the gardens shows the congenial interests of the couple, man and wife, of their seclusion in this Peach Blosesom Land. The third: Beauty of rockeries. The eastern garden is the former place of She Yuan garden in early Qing Dynasty, the Huang-shi Rockery, heaped up with yellow rocks, is one of the representative work of the Jangnan gardens, while the western garden takes the old house as the main hall which provided the husband a place to study in and the place for wife to weave.In front of and at the rear of the house are rockeries and towering rocks tomean that they were living in a true secluded mountain, tilling and studying.
    苏州耦园座落在仓街小新桥巷深处,其地僻静,东面是苏州古城墙,现已毁,留一垅土丘,树影婆娑,逶迤北去。城外是娄江。2001年6月苏州耦园被列为 全国重点文物保护单位。2000年11月被联合国教科文组织列入世界文化遗产名录。
    耦园三面临河,一面通街,前后设有河埠。粉墙黛瓦,映衬着小桥流水,颇有江南水乡风韵。
    耦园前身为“涉园”,建于清初,咸丰年间毁于兵燹,同治十三年(1874年)正值侨寓吴中养病的苏松太道道台湖州人氏沈秉成购得废园。时沈氏有归隐之 意,故聘清画家顾沄设计,扩地营构,建成现状,易名“耦园”。耦通偶,寓夫妇偕隐意,1876年耦园落成。沈秉成夫妇在园内偕隐了8年,伉俪情深,十 分恩爱。
    耦园占地约12亩,住宅居中,东西花园分列两边,北端背河而起一排楼房,借“走马楼”贯穿。这样一宅两园的布局,在苏州众多古典园林中独具特色。
    东花园是耦园的精华所在,山池主景列中,周围环以亭廊楼榭,呼应主景,整个布局疏密得体,错落有致,随处可见精妙佳构。
    黄石假山气势雄伟,浑厚古朴,属苏州园林假山之上品,素有盛名。东侧主山,陡峭险峻,名“留云岫”,西侧小山,山势平缓,名“桃屿”,两山之间有一谷 道,两侧削壁如悬崖,名“邃谷”,主山东边转为绝壁,直泻水面,是全山最精彩处。主山北侧,竖大石数排,结构似巨石自然风化剥裂,给人的险峻,苍劲感 。悬葛垂萝,堪与真山媲美。
    东花园主厅“城曲草堂”是一座重檐楼厅,其东为“双照楼”,是全园赏景佳处。“听橹楼”“魁星阁”两楼间有阁道相通,“藤花舫”为一旱船造型,这些建 筑灵巧别致,各具特色。“山水间”内大型杞梓木“岁寒三友”落地罩,采用透雕手法,雕镂技艺极为精湛,构图风格粗犷,给人以浑厚大气之美,据传该罩为 明代遗构。“筠廊”东壁有“抡元图”碑,上有沈氏夫妇跋文。是图因出自清初名家王文治之手而弥足珍贵,加园主夫妇真迹其上,益显此碑珍珍可贵。
    西花园有“织帘老屋”、“藏书楼”、“鹤寿亭”诸景,一座湖石假山,小巧玲珑,峰峦绝壁,山洞蹬道一应俱全,与东花园的黄石假山遥遥相对。
    西花园环境幽雅宁静,具苏州书斋花园的特色。

    苏州耦园之精妙,自要游者亲历细品,方可得之。

    Thelma Gatuzzo, J Labrador, and 8 other people added this photo to their favorites.

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    1. bambooland 47 months ago | reply

      I saw this kind of gate in many Chinese series long time ago and really love it. This one is wonderful with a little old look on the wall, and with lovely surrounding garden. The trees, the fence, the rocks, I like them all.

      Very nice description, too!

    2. ak_phuong (Tran Minh Phuong) 47 months ago | reply

      I been there many times, great garden!!
      Do you recognize this view?

    3. NeN ❀ (busy) 47 months ago | reply

      Interesting place to visit! Very nice composition.

    4. tangpauline 47 months ago | reply

      Wonderful capture!
      Thanks for sharing my friend!

    5. Kat~Morgan 47 months ago | reply

      Would love to see it, such a lovely place ....thanks for story behind it...Lovely image
      --
      Seen in my contacts' photos. ( ?² )

    6. ~sbkhan~ 47 months ago | reply

      Nice find :)

    7. sash design photography 47 months ago | reply

      love this - wonderful

    8. Iris_x2002 47 months ago | reply

      nice entrance and roof !

    9. Shun (busy...) [deleted] 47 months ago | reply

      So beautiful, wonderful capture

    10. Omri Suissa 47 months ago | reply

      Fantasticcccccccc!!! :D

    11. Yvonne (on/off) 47 months ago | reply

      Wonderful image of this special place... loved reading about it, tx for sharing... would love to see it in real life, sounds fascinating.

    12. Cameron Summer 47 months ago | reply

      Very nice shot. Excellent capture. Amazing.

    13. AJ Brustein 47 months ago | reply

      awesome. What a cool door - I would love to have something like that!!
      --
      Seen on your photo stream. ( ?² )

    14. bbvn_1 47 months ago | reply

      Very pretty with lovely details!

    15. Jkadavoor (Jee) 47 months ago | reply

      Fabulous capture!

    16. d-k-t 47 months ago | reply

      beautiful!

    17. Aqua Blue Metallic@North America 47 months ago | reply

      she lives with me on a rock ~~~~`

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