Crumbled papers with scratched out words and partially penned sentences...and broken pencil pieces - symbols of frustration in general and 'writer's block' specifically! Yet, this image is no longer relevant in our electronic world, where most written documents and creations are composed via the keyboard and digital software. The emotional response to the lack of connection between the words and the ideas may differ, but the feeling remains the same.
There are other differences and similarities, but one in education that may have dire consequences is the disconnect between the use of standard pen-and-paper assessments (from which funding is often associated) when many (most?) students now compose written documents via electronic means. Are the differences in the method or writing tool substantial enough to influence the final student output, and thus, the observer's ratings? One of the many things to ponder as we continue our transition from analog to digital! Naples, FL