Figures of Justice
Sort of like the Justice League, without the super heros :-)
One of the most recognized legal symbols visible in the architecture of the Supreme Court Building is the female figure representing Justice, who is depicted in three sculptural groups. Portraying Justice as a female figure dates back to depictions of Themis and Justicia in ancient mythology. Themis, known for her clear-sightedness, was the Greek Goddess of Justice and Law. In Roman mythology, Justicia (Justice) was one of the four Virtues along with Prudence, Fortitude and Temperance. Over time, Justice became associated with scales to represent impartiality and a sword to symbolize power. During the 16th century, Justice was often portrayed with a blindfold. The origin of the blindfold is unclear, but it seems to have been added to indicate the tolerance of, or ignorance to, abuse of the law by the judicial system. Today, the blindfold is generally accepted as a symbol of impartiality, but may be used to signify these other traits in political cartoons. To the left of the steps leading to the main entrance is Contemplation of Justice by James Earle Fraser. In this sculpture, a seated female figure reflects on a small figure of Justice that she holds in her right hand (right and detail above). The figure of Justice is blindfolded and cradles a set of scales in her arms.
Source: Office of the Curator -Supreme Court of the United States