NS 1616 train D417 at Arnhem, 1987
In the eighties NS ran a train from Amsterdam to Cologne through Arnhem, Nijmegen and Kranenburg (Germany). On the Dutch network this international train D417 was made up of a combination 3 or 4 older plan E cars and 4 German cars. In Arnhem the train was split. The plan E cars stayed in Arnhem, and a German diesel engine brought the German cars to Cologne.