The Trickster - Le corbeau créateur
* This is a miniature icicle (about 3/4 in) that I rotated 90 degrees to create this sculpture of a raven. the trickster, symbol of the Pacific Northwest Coast people.
C'est un tout petit glaçon (de 2 cm) qui, en le tournant 90 degrés, s'est transformé en cette magnifique sculpture qui ressemble étrangement au corbeau créateur, symbole des autochtones du Pacifique Nord-Ouest.
* Symbolism of the raven :
Mischievous and curious the Raven is the cultural focus of the Native Northwest Coast People. He symbolizes creation, knowledge, prestige as well as the complexity of nature and the subtlety of truth. He also symbolizes the unknown and is there to show that every person sees the world in a different way as another. The Raven was often called upon to clarify truths in visions, as the wise elders knew that what the eye sees is not always the truth. Many of the original peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast refer to him as a god, and it is believed by some that messages from the creator or the cosmos are buried in the wings of the Raven only to be released to the families most deserving of his knowledge. The Raven is a long distance healer and is known as the “keeper of secrets,” he helps us in our lives by exposing the truth of kept secrets that could potentially harm us, in doing so he helps us back to good health. The Raven was only ever feared if misused. Besides being a member of many different clans, every descendant from the Northwest Coast First Nations belongs to either a Raven or Eagle Clan. The membership was always defined by which clans the mother belonged to.
In many Northwest Coast Communities stories are told about the Raven and his many achievements. One of the most common stories is how the Raven stole the light in the form of the sun, the moon and stars. Many say that he transformed himself into a baby to find out where the light was hidden and then stole it from an old chief who had kept them in his house locked away in a large bentwood box. After Raven escaped with the box through the smoke hole of the house, he placed the sun, the moon and the stars in the sky for all beings to enjoy. Originally the Raven had white feathers and after flying through the smoke hole with the light, his feathers turned black and stayed black until today.
Le corbeau occupe une place importante dans la culture des peuples de la côte nord-ouest de l’Amérique du Nord, entre autres les cultures Tsimshian, Haïda, Heiltsuk, Tlingit, Kwakwaka'wakw, Salish, Koyukon et Inuit. Le corbeau de ces mythes est souvent à la fois le créateur du monde et le Trickster. Par exemple, dans les cultures Tlingit et Haïda, il y a deux personnages qui peuvent être identifiés même s’ils ne sont pas toujours bien différenciés. Le premier est le corbeau créateur, responsable de la création du monde. Le second est le corbeau infantile, toujours égoïste, rusé, et affamé. D’autres mythes parlent du corbeau volant et relâchant le soleil et du corbeau menant les premiers humains hors de coquilles de mollusques.
Dans certains récits, le corbeau est le protecteur des humains, leur apportant le soleil, la lune, les étoiles, l’eau et le feu. Quelques légendes racontent comment le corbeau acquit son plumage noir.