Panchanadisvara Temple,Thiruvandarkoil, Puducherry
The Present Panchanatheeswarar temple ( A.D. 932) here was known in the past that of Thiruvarainakkan Kovil Paramasivanin at Thirubhuvana Madevi Chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeyam on the north bank of the Thirubhuvanai now called the Pennai in an inscription of the Kulotunga-I. A deity is called Thiruvayarudaiya Mahadevar ( Panchanatheeswarar). There are three inscription here as Parakesarivarman of Parantaka-I. They mention gift of a house site and of a lamp to the temple. In the 28th year of Kannaradevan, the rashtrakuta Krishna-III, has the sabha which was created by Parantaka-I has soled some lands infavour of the temple. An inscription of the 12th year of Rajaraja-I mentions that the assembly of Thirubhuvana Mahadevi ChaturvediMangalam met in the mandaba built by Mummudi chola ambalamattuvelan and remitted taxes and gifted to the temple. The original name of this place is VADUGUR. Saint Sambandar 7th century has sung a Hymn on the lord of this place whom he was called as thiruvadugurnathar. The main shrine stands on the basement 5ft high below the pillasters there are panels of Miniature sculptures as at Pullamangai. The garbagraha is square 19.6ft with three central projections continuing the niches of the devakosthas. Ther are two Dwarabalaks guarding the entrance.The Sikhara is circular, it is the later structure made of stuccos.
The original figures of the devakosthas are Bhikshadanar and Dakshinamoorthy in the south, Lingodhbhavar in the west, Brahma and Durga in the north. The other images are found inserted in improvised niches between the original ones are Ganapathy near Bhikshatana, Ardhanari next to Brahma, Rishabarudar next to Durga.