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Robert Fludd, Utriusque cosmi maioris scilicet et minoris metaphysica, physica atque technica historia (1617-18) - Plate "Integra Natura" Vol I

In this image Robert Fludd endeavors to portray the entire world, both natural and artificial, in a single magnificent and detailed image. The central figures represent human artifice (the “ape of nature”) restrained by nature, portrayed as woman. Nature herself obeys the creative hand of God. Fludd depicts human powers, natural objects and processes, and supernatural entities as highly interconnected.


To view the catalog entry for this book, please visit the Othmer Library’s online public catalog at :


Photograph by Douglas A. Lockard.


From The Roy G. Neville Historical Chemical Library, Othmer Library of Chemical History, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, PA.


CHF is a nonprofit library, museum, and center for scholars dedicated to the history of chemistry. For more information, visit

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Taken on May 22, 2009