Philopappos Monument, an ancient Greek mausoleum and monument dedicated to Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos (a prince from the Kingdom of Commagene), 116 AD, Athens
Gaius Julius Antiochus Philopappos was a prince of Commagene, a kingdom in Upper Syria, who was overthrown by the Romans in 72 A.D. Exiled from his native country, he settled in Athens and became a benefactor of the city. Between A.D.114-116 he built his own funeral monument, in a very privileged position facing the Akropolis, which dominated the area and gave his name to the hill.
The monument, built from Pentelic marble, is 12 metres height and consists of a large apse-shaped wall on a pedestal of porous limestone. The frieze on the lower story represents Philopappos as (suffect) consul (AD 109) riding chariot - quadriga - and led by lictors, the upper part hosts the statues of himself (centre), his grandfather Antiochus IV Epiphanes (left), and the founder of the dynasty, Seleukos I Nikanor (right; now lost).