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Fusca | by Rodrigo Soldon Souza
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Fusca

O Volkswagen Fusca ou Volkswagen Carocha foi o primeiro modelo de automóvel fabricado pela companhia alemã Volkswagen. Foi o carro mais vendido no mundo, ultrapassando em 1972 o recorde que pertencia até então ao Ford Modelo T. O último modelo do Fusca foi produzido no México em 2003.

 

No início da década de 1931 a Alemanha era assolada por uma dura recessão, e tinha um dos piores índices de motorização da Europa. A maioria de suas fábricas era especializada em carros de luxo, montados à mão, e ainda muito caros. Por isso, e mais uma série de fatores, a ideia de um carro pequeno, econômico e fácil de produzir começou a ganhar popularidade. Era o conceito do "Volks Auto" - ou "Volks Wagen", expressões alemãs que traduzem a ideia do "carro popular".

Desde 1925 um conceito básico muito semelhante ao que viria ser o Fusca já existia, obra do engenheiro Béla Barényi (famoso projetista, responsável por várias melhorias de segurança passiva). Nos anos seguintes vários protótipos e modelos surgiam, como o Superior, da firma Standard, projetado pelo húngaro Joseph Ganz - este modelo inclusive era relativamente barato, cerca de 1500 marcos.

Até mesmo fora da Alemanha a ideia ganhava forma, com os aerodinâmicos Tatras ganhando as ruas da então Tchecoslováquia - carros estes que o próprio Hitler conhecia e admirava. Aerodinâmicos, resistentes e bonitos, possuíam motor traseiro refrigerado a ar, chassis com tubo central e eram obra do engenheiro austríaco 'Hanz Ledwinka, um conterrâneo e amigo do futuro projetista do Fusca.

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The Volkswagen Beetle first model of car manufactured by the German company Volkswagen. It was the best selling car in the world, surpassing the record in 1972 that belonged previously to the Ford Model T. The latest model of the VW Beetle was produced in Mexico in 2003.

 

In the early 1931 Germany was beset by a harsh recession, and had one of the worst rates of motorization in Europe. Most of its factories specialized in luxury cars, assembled by hand, and still very expensive. Hence, plus a number of factors, the idea of a small car, economical and easy to produce began to gain popularity. It was the concept of "Volks Auto" - or "Volks Wagen", German expressions that translate the idea of "people's car".

Since 1925 a basic concept very similar to what would be the Beetle existed, the work of engineer Béla Barényi (famous designer, responsible for several improvements in passive safety). In the following years several prototypes and models emerged as the Superior, Standard Company, designed by Hungarian Joseph Ganz - including this model was relatively cheap, about 1500 marks.

Even outside Germany the idea took shape, with streamlined Tatras hitting the streets of Czechoslovakia - these cars that Hitler himself knew and admired. Aerodynamic, durable and handsome, had air-cooled rear engine, chassis with central tube and were the work of the Austrian engineer 'Hanz Ledwinka, a countryman and friend of the future designer of the Beetle.

 

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Die Volkswagen Beetle erste Modell des Autos hergestellt von der deutschen Firma Volkswagen. Es war das meistverkaufte Auto der Welt und übertraf damit den Rekord in 1972, die zuvor auf dem Ford Model T. gehörte Das neueste Modell des VW Käfer wurde in Mexiko im Jahr 2003 produziert.

 

In den frühen 1931 wurde Deutschland von einer harten Rezession zu kämpfen, und es war einer der schlimmsten Sätze der Motorisierung in Europa. Die meisten seiner Fabriken spezialisiert auf Luxus-Autos, von Hand montiert und noch sehr teuer. Daher, plus eine Reihe von Faktoren, die Idee eines Kleinwagens, begann kostengünstig und einfach zu produzieren, um Popularität zu gewinnen. Es war das Konzept der "Volks Auto" - oder "Volks Wagen", deutsche Ausdrücke, die die Idee der "Volks-Auto" zu übersetzen.

Seit 1925 ein grundlegendes Konzept sehr ähnlich zu dem, was der Käfer sein existierte, die Arbeit des Ingenieurs Béla Barényi (berühmter Designer, verantwortlich für eine Reihe von Verbesserungen bei der passiven Sicherheit). In den folgenden Jahren wurden mehrere Prototypen und Modelle erwies sich als die Superior, Standard Company, von ungarischen Joseph Ganz ausgelegt - einschließlich dieses Modells war relativ billig, etwa 1500 Mark.

Auch außerhalb von Deutschland die Idee Gestalt annahm, mit schlanken Tatra auf die Straße der Tschechoslowakei - diese Autos, die Hitler selbst und wusste bewundert. Aerodynamische, langlebig und schön, hatte luftgekühlten Heckmotor, Chassis mit zentraler Röhre und das Werk des österreichischen Ingenieurs Hanz Ledwinka, ein Landsmann und Freund der Zukunft Designer des Beetle.

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Taken on October 14, 2012