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Medieval city of Sibiu-Romania | by Camil Ghircoias
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Medieval city of Sibiu-Romania

The city was founded in 1190 by Saxon colonists settled in the area. It was probably built near a Roman settlement, one that would have come to be known during early medieval age as Caedonia, which might have been deserted at the time of the Saxons' arrival.


In the 14th century, it was already an important trade center. In 1376 the craftsmen were divided in 19 guilds. Sibiu became the most important ethnic German city among the seven cities that gave Transylvania its German language name of Siebenbürgen, and it was home to the Universitas Saxorum, the Assembly of Germans in Transylvania. Common opinion in the 17th century ascribed Sibiu the quality of being the easternmost city to be part of the European sphere; it was also the eastern terminus of postal routes.



Sibiu is situated in the midle of Romania, in the south part of Transylvania

The town will be in 2007 The European Capital of Culture together with Luxemburg.


In the back you can see Fagaras Mountins, part of The Carpathians Chain with many peaks over 2500m. The highest are Moldoveanu-2544m and Negoiu with 2535m.


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Uploaded on June 20, 2006