Bristol Chronicles 1914 - 1918
1914-18 - About 55,000 men from the Bristol area enlist for World War One. More than 7,000 men from the Bristol area died.
1917 - Avonmouth becomes the centre of the British chemical warfare manufacturing drive. The plant makes 20 tons of mustard gas a day.
In December 1918. the plant Medical Officer reports that in the six months it has been operational, there are 1,400 illnesses reported by its 1,900 workers — all attributable to their work.
There are 160 accidents and over 1,000 burns.Three people die in accidents and another four die as a result of their illnesses. There are 30 resident patients in the factory hospital tended by a doctor and eight nurses. The gas produced at the Avonmouth plant didn’t arrive in France until September 1918, two months before the Armistice.
1918 - Wills' Woodbines were very popular and when the lads came home after the armistice of 1918, sales soared. Although, by the turn of the 19th century, women had been targeted by the salesmen - Philip Morris's Marlboro Brand, complete with red tip to hide lipstick marks - was aimed specifically at them - there was a moral dilemma at work, with women who smoked considered as of somewhat questionable morality. But by the 1920s the gay young things, with their diamond encrusted holders, had added a touch of glamour to smoking and soon 'respectable' middle class women were taking it up.
During the summer and fall of 1914, France lost as many men on the battlefield as the U.S.Army would lose in all of the 20th century!
Russia's losses were never actually counted. It is estimated that over 6 million Russian soldiers were killed in WWI.
During World War One, 230 soldiers perished for each hour of the four and a quarter years it continued.
The world's worst train accident occurred in France, in December 1917 with the deaths of over 600 soldiers.
There were 70,000,000 men and women in uniform of that number one-half were either killed, wounded or became prisoners of war.
In Great Britain at the end of the war there were 250,000 wounded soldiers who suffered total or partial amputation.
The Spanish Influenza of 1918 killed 51 million people worldwide!
The U.S. was in the war in actual combat for only seven and a half months. During this time 116,000 were killed and 204,000 were wounded.
In 1916 in the Italian Alps a winter avalanche killed 10,000 men. In four years of conflict on the Italian Alpine Front 50,000 soldiers killed by avalanches.
The Italian Front 1915-1918 was the site of the largest scale mountain warfare in history.
During the course of the Great War 11% of Frances's entire population was killed or wounded.
The site of the Battle of Verdun is remembered as the battlefield with the highest density of dead per square yard.
The biggest naval battle in history occurred off the coast of Jutland in the afternoon of May 31, 1916. More than 200 warships and 100,000 men of the rival navies were involved. The British "Grand Fleet" lost 14 ships. The German "High Seas Fleet" lost 11 ships.
Half of the dead of Great War have no known grave.
The largest man made explosion occurred at Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada 1917 with the collision of 2 ammo ships.
The 10 month Battle of Verdun, 1916 caused over a million casualties.
At the end of the war in France the 650,000 war widows became a powerful voting block .
Italian Front - 60,000 Alpine troops would freeze to death in the "high mountains" (Dolomiti Adamello ranges) during 3 years of war.
Over 100,000 Chinese labourers were used by the British Army to dig trenches on the Western Front.
The winter of 1917 was the coldest winter on record.
On a 10 mile front in Flanders Field, Belgium in 1917 over 5,000,000 artillery shells were fired in 3 day period.
The Last Post is still sounded each night at 6 p.m. at the Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium to honour the War Dead. (Suspended only during the occupation by Germany during the Second World War)
Bristol Chronicles 55BC - 1698
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