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Tree Fern Crozier Unfurling -  Devastation Trail, Kilauea Iki | by brewbooks
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Tree Fern Crozier Unfurling - Devastation Trail, Kilauea Iki

Cibotium chamissoi

near the Kilauea Iki crater - which erupted in 1959.

 

For a fascinating account of the invasion, early succession and recovery of vegetation 1959 Kilauea Iki volcano, see Hawaii: The Fires of Life by Garrett A. Smathers and Dieter Mueller-Dombois.

 

 

Kilauea

Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park

 

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Taken on April 10, 2008